Winegrowers Supplies -  Vine variety information

Phoenix  (originally known as Gf. Ga-49-22)

Mother: Bacchus
Father: Villard Blanc (Seyve Villard 12-375)

A white Piwi/disease-resistant variety.

Year of breeding:
Country of origin: Germany
Breeder/License holder: Bundesforschungsanstalt für Rebenzüchtung Geilweilerhof, Siebeldingen/Rheinpfalz
Number of clones:

Year of entry into the German Federal Office's Varieties Register: 1994
Area planted in Germany in 2008: 48 hectares
Area planted in England (as at August 2004): 10.8 hectares, 14th largest

Wine Character - colour: 
                      - bouquet: somewhat pronounced muscat aroma
                      - palate: full in the mouth with a somewhat pronounced muscat tone, rather like Bacchus. Fresh appealing acidity.
Expert tasters and even Gas-chromatograph measurements ('aromagraphs') cannot distinguish this wine from pure Vinifera varieties.
Like some other hybrids the wines 'consume' large amounts of SO2, hence can oxidise easily and if they do not have sufficient SO2 they may not have a long life; they ripen quickly and should therefore be bottled early.


photo by Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants, Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, Germany.

Time of bud-burst: middle-early

Strength of growth: very strong, upright
Growth of side-shoots: strong

Flowering time:
Flowering strength: high

Leaf: - size:                                    - shape:
        - colour: dark green
        - surface undulation:                - petiolar sinus:
The leaves are not attractive to phylloxera, so leaf galls do not develop.

Grape bunch: - size:                         - density:
Berries:        - size: large                 - shape: long stalks
                   - skin colour:

Time of veraison: early-middle
Time of harvest: early-middle

Grape yield: very high
Must-weight: medium
Must-acidity: low-medium

Wood ripening: good (thick canes)
Winter hardiness: good; experience in Scotland suggests that although the canes go brown they are relatively thick which means they are sensitive to low winter temperatures.
Wood colour: red-brown

Chlorosis resistance:
Susceptibility to - Oidium: low-medium     - Peronospora: very low
                       - Botrytis: low                - Roter Brenner:
                       - Phomopsis                   - Stem-atrophy:
A pre-flowering spray is beneficial.

Preferred soil:
Suitable rootstocks: SO4 or 5C

Normal stem height:
Normal row spacing: 1.8 to 2.0m
Vine spacing in the row:

Winter Pruning:                      eyes/buds per sq. metre of land occupied by the plant.

Advantages: High yield, easy to grow. Good muscat flavour/aroma. Good for early bottling.

Disadvantages: Wines are best drunk young.