Winegrowers Supplies - Chillers and heat exchangers
Portable chilling / heating units: easy to move around and attach to cooling jackets, or to internal cooling snakes/plates/coils, on one tank or a series of tanks, for:-
The following chillers are manufactured in Germany:-
The new MiniChill small cooling units, made of stainless steel, are an economical solution for micro-breweries and smaller wineries etc.
MiniChill 05: cooling capacity 0.50 kWatt at 15 °C, 0.39 kWatt at 0 °C, 27 litre open tank, 700 x 370 x 495 mm, 36 kilos, 1439 Euros
Equipped with a thermostatic controller, a water tank and a submersible pump with stirer.
A mixture of 30% glycol and 70% clean water is necessary. Connections are ¾" bsp.
At below 0 °C an ice-coating will be built around the tubes, which provides an additional, stored cooling capacity. When used for flash-cooling, it boosts the capacity of the unit, giving a constant cooling temperature over a longer time period.
An additional stainless steel coil for direct product cooling (e.g. to draw beer) can be integrated as an option.
The MiniChill is able to chill down to - 6 °C using a glycol/water mixture. Due to the simple construction the unit is easy to fill and install.
Larger, compact, shelf-top units, equipped with a hermetically sealed motor-compressor and a cooling water/glycol circuit containing tank and centrifugal pump:-
Standard models, allowing cooling down to + 10 °C:-
For a system for cooling fermentation the following general advice applies:-
up to 15,000 litres Chill 25
up to 20,000 litres Chill 35
up to 25,000 litres Chill 45
Chill 25: 705 x 510 x 450 mm, cooling capacity 2.4 kWatt, 18 litre open tank, 2599 EurosChill 35: 755 x 600 x 500 mm, cooling capacity 3.5 kWatt, 30 litre open tank, 3019 Euros Chill 45: 755 x 600 x 500 mm, cooling capacity 4.5 kWatt, 30 litre open tank, 3390 Euros • Cooling capacities quoted are at 17 °C temperature difference (+ 32 °C to + 15 °C)
or Low Temperature models, allowing cooling to negative temperature (possibly down as far as - 10 °C), for cold stabilisation:-
Chill 25 M-LT: 705 x 510 x 450 mm, cooling capacity 2.2 kWatt, 20 litre open tank, 3299 EurosChill 35 M-LT: 755 x 600 x 500 mm, cooling capacity 3.1 kWatt, 26 litre open tank, 3719 Euros Chill 45 M-LT: 755 x 600 x 500 mm, cooling capacity 4.2 kWatt, 26 litre open tank, 4090 Euros
The 'open tank' is filled with the coolant liquid, it can be filled with water only for cooling down as far as + 7 °C.
To cool below + 7 °C a glycol/water mixture must be used; this also gives frost protection in the winter. The glycol should be 'food grade'. A mixture of 30% glycol and 70% clean water is sufficient. The total volume, in the tank, connecting tubing and cooling-jackets, may be 30 to 40 litres.
In operation they produce a lot of warm air, taking in lots of cool air, so ideally should be in a room adjacent to the tank room which will benefit from heating.
The connecting hoses, in a ring circuit, should be 20mm internal diameter, with T-pieces to and from each cooling jacket. Cooling-jackets have 1" or ¾" bsp thread hose-tails on inlet and outlet (at top). To avoid wasting power the hoses should be insulated, using normal pipe insulation over the hoses, after installation.
Larger models, 380 volt 3-phase, these can chill down as far as - 10 °C:-
Chill Max 50, cooling capacity 6.4 kWatt, 30 litre tank, 5099 Euros
Chill Max 90, cooling capacity 10.7 kWatt, 30 litre tank, 6125 Euros
Chill Max 110, cooling capacity 12.7 kWatt, 30 litre tank, 7640 Euros
or the MCK series, high efficiency so cheaper to run:-
McK 50, cooling capacity 6.2 kWatt, 120 litre tank, 6395 Euros
McK 90, cooling capacity 11.5 kWatt, 120 litre tank, 7750 Euros
Mck 110, cooling capacity 13.9 kWatt, 120 litre tank, 9030 Euros
McK 141, cooling capacity 16.6 kWatt, 120 litre tank, 10,280 Euros
McK 181, cooling capacity 20.0 kWatt, 120 litre tank, 11,130 Euros
Mck 221, cooling capacity 25.3 kWatt, 300 litre tank, 13,180 Euros
McK 271, cooling capacity 25.9 kWatt, 300 litre tank, 15,010 Euros
McK 321, cooling capacity 37.0 kWatt, 300 litre tank, 16,220 Euros
Mck 361, cooling capacity 45.5 kWatt, 300 litre tank, 18,850 Euros
The following fittings are needed, for example for 4 tanks:-
1 x overflow prevention kit @ 159 Euros, needed if the unit is installed lower than the cooling jackets.
4 x FermFix temperature controllers @ 167 Euros each.
new Fermfix-Fermline (2017):
These temperature controllers are installed directly into the tanks, into a ½" thermometer probe.
The wine maker can set or re-set the required temperature on each tank. As a safety measure, it is possible to determine a temperature range above or beneath which an optical alarm will be given.
The controller's double display shows the actual and pre-set temperature in separate displays.
• Temperature range: - 9.9 °C up to + 99.9 °C
• Voltage: 24 volts AC +/- 10%
• Output: to solenoid valve 24 volts AC, 16 Watts
• Mode of operation: cooling, heating, cooling and heating, display, off
• Controller's structure: 3-Points, PI, PID
• Electric connection: cable with open end or jack/ plug
• Protection type: IP 65
4 x Connection boxes with relay @ 65 Euros each
4 x Electrical cables (10 metre) with plug for solenoid valve @ 27 Euros each
1 x Transformer (24 volts) for up to 10 FermFix regulators @ 108 Euros
Assembling the electrics ready for installation @ 180 Euros
4 x Solenoid valves ¾" (24 volts) @ 117 Euros each
4 x In-line-filters ¾" (300 micron), install just before the solenoid-valve, @ 20 Euros each
Assuming the cooling-jackets have 1" bsp male threads:-
8 x Bows 90°: 1" female to 1" male, for jacket inlet and outlet so that the hoses go downwards, @ 2.75 Euros each
8 x Hose-connectors: 1" female to 20 mm hose, good rubber seals @ 3.35 Euros each
8 x T-pieces: three ¾" female threads, @ 3.85 Euros each
22 x Hose-connectors for T-pieces: ¾" male to 20 mm hose, @ 2.50 Euros each
2 x Blank off plugs: ¾" male, @ 1.85 Euros each - for the last tank T-pieces.
You will need lots of ptfe tape for the bsp threads.
Wine-quality PVC hose, non-toxic, clear with a terylene reinforcing web:-
20 mm internal diameter, 3.5 mm wall, up to 3500 litres/hour: 50 metres @ 2.50 Euros per metre
32 x Stainless steel hose clips: 22-30 mm (for 20 mm id hose): @ 2.50 Euros each
In addition you will need 10 to 12 litres of glycol, to make a mixture of 30% glycol and 70% clean water.
Notes on connection of the hoses to the cooling jackets:-
Polypropylene-plastic hose connectors are better than steel at minus temperatures.
Basically: the feed hose goes via a T-piece, then ball-valve/in-line-filter/solenoid-valve/ball-valve, to the cooling-jacket. With the return hose from the cooling-jacket going to another T-piece, and back to the Chiller. Cooling-jackets are connected in parallel.
In detail: assuming the cooling-jackets have 1" bsp male threads:-
Attach the feed hose from the Chiller to a hose-connector (20 mm to ¾" male) fitted in the T-piece,
then to the lower outlet of the T-piece: directly fit the ball-valve, then the in-line-filter, then the solenoid-valve, then the other ball-valve (one ball-valve each side, so the solenoid valve and/or filter can be changed without draining the system),
then a hose connector ¾" female to 20 mm id hose,
then a length of 20 mm id hose to another hose connector (1" female - 90° bow + 1" hose-connector to 20 mm id hose) on the cooling-jacket inlet.
For the return: attach to the the cooling-jacket outlet: 1" female - 90° bow + 1" hose-connector to 20 mm id hose,
then a length of 20 mm id hose, straight downwards,
then attached this hose to a hose-connector (20 mm to ¾" male) fitted in the T-piece,
then a length of 20 mm id hose from another hose-connector (20 mm to ¾" male) fitted in the T-piece, going back to the Chiller.
Each cooling-jacket is connected in parallel, onwards from the T-pieces.
The ¾" plastic blank-off plugs fit into the T-pieces for the feed and return to the last tank. This is so the circuit can be extended easily to add more tanks later.
The solenoid-valve assembly could be on the floor under the tank, with the tubing laying along the floor, so there is no weight pulling it down. Or it could be tied along the ceiling, which would mean that cleaning the floor is easier.
Calculating the power/size of Chilling unit necessary:-
The following are key features to consider:-
1) container size (small tanks have more surface area and ferment faster)
2) cellar temperature: ambient temperature
Delta (= the temperature difference for cooling).
Then Delta x tank volume in litres = required kilocalorie/hour.
Dividing this value by 860 gives the required kWatt per hour to cool down in one hour.
This value is then divided by the number of hours over which you wish to cool,
e.g. in 24 hours: 15 x 3000 / 860 / 24 = 2.18 kWatt
gives the required performance of the chiller if you wish to bring 3000 litres down from 25 °C to 10 °C in 24 hours.
The manufacturer says:-
Cold (tartrate) stabilisation of wines with very high alcohol content requires about 1 week at - 4 °C.
Wines with lower alcohol content need about 10 days at 0 °C (less alcohol cools faster).
The cooling performance decreases greatly at the low temperature range; by up to 10/20% of rated power.
For cold stabilisation their advice is to choose 2 x the nominal power requirement. So for example:
- for 3000 litres, 15 °C wine temperature to be brought down to 0°C, in 24 hours: 15 x 3000 / 860 / 24 = 2.18 kWatt x two,
or with 2.18 kWatt it would take 48 hours, or you can chill 1500 litres at a time if you want to cool down in 24 hours.
Prices shown are exclusive of Vat.
Delivery usually will need to be charged at cost.