- Vine variety information
(originally known as Az 7957)
Mother: Madeleine Angevine
One of the varieties produced in the breeding program of Georg Scheu, prior to 1930.
Heinz Scheu (son of Georg) later put on record that it was not a controlled
crossing but in fact a freely pollinated seedling of Madeleine Angevine.
Year of breeding: 1929
Country of origin: Germany
Breeder/License holder: Landesanstalt für Rebenzüchtung, Alzey
Number of clones:
Year of entry into the German Federal Office's Varieties Register: 1958
Area planted in Germany in 1986: 259 hectares
Area planted in England (as at August 2004):
Wine Character - colour:
photo from www.weingut-fuchs.de
- bouquet: intense muscat aroma is obtrusive so best blended.
Time of bud-burst: middle-late
Strength of growth: medium-strong
Growth of side-shoots:
Leaf: - size: medium-small
- surface undulation:
- petiolar sinus:
Flowering time: late
Flowering strength: low
Grape bunch: - size:
- density: loose
Berries: - size: medium-large
- shape: round
- skin colour: red-pink-brown
Time of veraison:
Time of harvest: very early
Its strong muscat aroma makes it very attractive to wasps, which eat a lot of the grapes.
Grape yield: low to very low
Must-weight: high to very high
Must-acidity: very low
Wood colour: yellow-brown, short internodes.
Chlorosis resistance: medium
Susceptibility to - Oidium:
- Botrytis: medium
- Roter Brenner:
Suitable rootstocks: SO4 and Binova, or 5C in fresh soils. 125AA and 5BB are not suitable.
Normal stem height: 0.6 to 0.7m
Normal row spacing: 1.8 to 2.0m
Vine spacing in the row: 1.0 to 1.3m
Winter Pruning: eyes/buds per sq. metre of land occupied by the plant.
Advantages: Very early ripening, high must-weight, strong pleasant bouquet. A special wine.
Disadvantages: Low flowering strength leads to coulure or millerandage
in poor weather at flowering time. Low yield, low acidity. Eaten by wasps, bees and birds. Susceptible to chlorosis.