Rondo (originally known as Gm 6494-5)
Mother: Zarya Severa (native vines)
During the 'cold war' the breeder Professor V. Kraus (in the former Czechoslovakia) gave some seeds to Professor Helmut Becker (1927-1990) then head of Geisenheim, who realised the significance or this breeding programme because of the high peronospora and winter-frost resistance of the asiatic Vitis amurensis. Professor Becker then continued the development of these 'amurensis' Seedling-populations, which he designated 6494 etc.
Gm 6494 was a Seeding-population which was bred in 1964 by Professor V. Kraus from Zarya Severa x St. Laurent.
In later years, Norbert Becker (Head of Staatliches Weinbauinstitut Freiburg) investigated the breeding of Prof. V. Kraus from 1964, he discovered that the Seedling-population that had been designated Gm 6494 in Geisenheim had erroneously been recorded to be from the vine Saperavi Severni instead of Zarya Severa native vines. Additional research by Becker's successor Volker Joerger together with colleagues from the Research Institute Geisenheim proved the error, and the true parenthood has been certified since 2003.
A red Piwi/disease-resistant variety. The most exciting Piwi red variety for cold climates.
Year of breeding: 1964
Breeder/License holder: Forschungsanstalt Geisenheim / Rheingau,
Institut für Rebenzüchtung und Rebenveredlung
Number of clones:
Year of entry into the German Federal Office's Varieties Register: 1997
Wine Character - colour: dark ruby red, without blue nuances (so it can
Time of bud-burst: early-middle
Strength of growth: medium-high, shoots tend to hang downwards
Flowering time: very early
Leaf: - size:
Grape bunch: - size:
Time of veraison: very early
Grape yield: medium-high
Wood ripening: early and very good
Chlorosis resistance: very high
Preferred soil: any soils suitable for viticulture with good water supply.
Because of the early bud-burst it is important that vineyards should not be
prone to late spring frost.
Normal stem height:
Winter Pruning: 6 eyes/buds per sq. metre of land occupied by the plant. Always crops well, whether it is spur pruned or long cane pruned.
Advantages: Very high quality full-bodied dark red wine. Can be grown on any site which is not prone to late spring frost. Consistently high yield and ripeness. A tribute to the work of Professor Becker.
Disadvantages: In the UK in certain years (according to the weather) it can be attacked by wasps, as can all early ripening grape varieties (e.g. Siegerrebe, Madeleine Angevine).