Frühburgunder - known in England as Pinot Noir Precoce
An early ripening special form (mutation) of Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir). It is so different that in Germany it is classified as a separate variety.Year of breeding:
Year of entry into the German Federal Office's Varieties Register: 1971
Area planted in Germany in : hectares
Area planted in England:
Wine Character - colour: ruby red, light red
- palate: fruity, good body, the wine is softer and more velvety than Spätburgunder
Time of bud-burst: middle-late
Strength of growth: medium-strong
Growth of side-shoots: medium
Flowering time: late
Flowering strength: medium
Leaf: - size: medium
- surface undulation: - petiolar sinus:
Grape bunch: - size: small-medium - density: tight
Berries: - size: small-medium - shape:
- skin colour: blue-black, thick skin
Time of veraison: early
Time of harvest: in comparison with the classic Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir) they ripen about 2 to 3 weeks earlier.
Because of the early ripening the grapes usually need to be protected against birds by netting or other means.
Grape yield: low to very low; in Germany through intensive search in long test rows the Forschungsanstalt Geisenheim have developed one row of a new more productive clone.
The tendency to coulure of this clone is relatively low, so it yields about 50 hl/ha.
Must-weight: high to very high
Wood ripening: good
Winter hardiness: medium
Susceptibility to - Oidium: low to medium - Peronospora:
- Botrytis: medium, suffers less because it is harvested early in the damp autumn but it may have to be picked early if botrytis is bad.
- Roter Brenner:
- Phomopsis - Stem-atrophy:
Preferred soil: open texture, fertile and porous (well drained),
according to Geisenheim it needs a good to mid-early site, it is susceptible to wasp attack so avoid planting near woods and hedges.
Suitable rootstocks: SO4 or 125AA (according to Geisenheim)
Normal stem height:
Normal row spacing:
Vine spacing in the row:
Winter Pruning: eyes/buds per sq. metre of land occupied by the plant
Advantages: early ripening.
Disadvantages: Low yield, only moderate flowering strength. Susceptible to wasp attack. The red wine character is different from Pinot Noir (Spätburgunder).